Physical Geography Courses
GEOG-2204(3) HUMAN IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENT (Le3) This course studies the causes, effects, and controls of detrimental change to the natural environment resulting from human activity. Emphasis will be given to issues pertaining to the alteration of ecosystems and the various types of air, water, and soil pollution.
GEOG-2207(3) CLIMATOLOGY (Le3,La2) This course examines climatological processes, at all scales (e.g., micro to macro), to arrive at an understanding of how and why climates vary spatially and temporally. It surveys the characteristics of the global climate system, but pays particular attention to the Northern Hemisphere and North America. Laboratory exercises involve the analysis and presentation of climatological data. GEOG-2207L (lab) must be taken concurrently.
GEOG-2210(3) METEOROLOGY (Le3,La2) This course surveys the causes and characteristics of weather. Fundamental thermodynamics and hydrodynamic principles of atmospheric physics will be reviewed. Common and severe/unusual weather phenomena will be explained, as will be the processes involved in the preparation of weather forecasts. GEOG-2210L (lab) must be taken concurrently.
Prerequisites: GEOG-1201(3) or permission of instructor. GEOG-2210L (lab) must be taken concurrently.
GEOG-2212(3) NATURAL HAZARDS(Le3,) This course examines the causes and characteristics of natural hazards. Emphasis is placed on the assessment of risk, the choice of adjustments, and differences between situations in developed and developing countries. Discussions will cover hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, earthquakes, and blizzards, as time permits.
Prerequisites: GEOG-1201(3) or GEOG-1202(3) or permission of instructor.
GEOG-2213(3) INTRODUCTORY SOIL SCIENCE (Le3,La2) This course provides an introduction to pedology, the study of soils as physical entities in their own right. A review of the history of soil science is followed by a detailed introduction to soil forming factors and soil genesis. A brief review of the US Soil Taxonomy classification system then introduces a detailed review of the Canadian Soil Classification System, and the geographic distribution of soil types. This is followed by a review of the physical and chemical properties of soils, soil organisms and soil organic matter. The course concludes with an introduction to edaphology, the study of soils from the point of view of their plant cover. Laboratory sessions deal with the physical and chemical properties of soils using soil samples collected on one or more field trips, and with soil classification. GEOG-2213L (lab) must be taken concurrently.
Prerequisites: GEOG-1201(3) and GEOG-1202(3) or permission of instructor.
Restrictions: Students may not receive credit for both GEOG-2213(3) and the former GEOG-2203(6).
GEOG-2214(3) SOIL-VEGETATION SYSTEMS (Le3,La2) A review of edaphology, the study of soils from the point of view of their plant cover, is followed by an examination of soils as nutrient delivery systems to both natural cover and agroecosystems. Emphasis is placed on macro- and micronutrient supply, the use of fertilizers and organic residues, the role of organic farming, and water supply, drainage and erosion. This is followed by a discussion of the basic ecological/physiological requirements of plants important in understanding vegetation formations and ecoclimatic regions. The course concludes with a major discussion of Canada's ecoclimatic regions and the relationships between their vegetation covers, soil types and climates. Laboratory work includes the determination of certain soil nutrient contents, and the role of soil organic matter, plant residues and plant cover in limiting erosion, and the ecoclimatic aspects of vegetation formation and distribution. GEOG-2214L (lab) must be taken concurrently.
Restrictions: Students may not receive credit for both GEOG-2214(3) and the former GEOG-2203(6).
GEOG-2215(3) MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY (Le3,La2) Students are introduced to the chemical and physical properties of the common minerals and rocks. Emphasis is placed on the origin, composition and classification of the common minerals and rock types. Weekly laboratories provide the student with the skills necessary for routine identification of minerals and rocks in hand samples. Students are also introduced to the fundamentals of optical mineralogy, which include the practice of study and identification of minerals using the polarizing microscope and rock thin sections. An optional field trip highlighting local geological features serves as an introduction to field recognition and classification of minerals and rocks and their associated provenance. GEOG-2215L (lab) must be taken concurrently.
Prerequisites: GEOG-1202(3) or permission of instructor
Restrictions: Students may not receive credit for both GEOG-2215(3) and the former GEOG-2202(6).
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